Umbria is divided into two provinces: Perugia and Terni.
Perugia, the region’s capital city, is a charming town that dates back to the Etruscan era. The city’s historic center, enclosed within Etruscan walls, is a labyrinth of narrow streets and alleys lined with buildings that bear witness to the city’s long and fascinating history. The city is home to several important cultural sites, including the Gothic-style Palazzo dei Priori, the Basilica of San Domenico, and the Rocca Paolina, a fortress built in the 16th century. Perugia is also known for its lively student population, as it is home to one of Italy’s oldest universities.
Terni, the region’s second province, is known for its lush countryside and scenic landscapes. The area is dotted with picturesque towns and villages, including the medieval town of Narni and the ancient hilltop village of Orvieto. Terni is also home to the Marmore Falls, one of Italy’s most stunning natural wonders. The falls, which are located on the Nera River, cascade down a series of limestone cliffs in a series of dramatic drops.
Umbria is known for its rich artistic heritage, and visitors to the region can explore a wealth of museums, galleries, and historic sites. One of the most famous of these is the Basilica di San Francesco in Assisi, which contains some of Italy’s most important frescoes by the artist Giotto. The town of Assisi itself is also worth exploring, as it is one of Italy’s most beautiful medieval towns, and is known for its narrow streets, stone houses, and breathtaking views of the Umbrian countryside.
Other important cultural sites in Umbria include the town of Spoleto, which hosts an annual festival of the arts, and the hilltop town of Gubbio, which is famous for its Roman theater and medieval architecture. Umbria is also renowned for its cuisine, which features a range of local specialties, including truffles, pork, and wild game.